Hospitality Management For Travel and tourism

Hospitality Management For Travel and tourism


Welcome to another tutorial on Tutorials Point. Today, we will be discussing travel and tourism. We will explore the definition of tourism, tourism destinations, factors affecting tourism, reasons why people travel, and motives for pleasure travel.

The Definition of Tourism

Tourism is travel for either pleasure or business. It is the practice and theory of touring, including the business of entertaining, accommodating, and attracting tourists. Many companies in the market offer travel and tour services, providing everything from lodging and airline travel to sightseeing. Tourism is a vast industry that offers many opportunities.

Tourism Destinations

There are primary and secondary destinations. Primary destinations attract tourists from great distances and are the main reason for travel. Secondary destinations are stops on the way to somewhere else or destinations that draw people from nearby. They do not have tourist attractions but are a place to rest before continuing on to the primary destination.

Factors Affecting Tourism

Factors affecting tourism include historical or cultural importance, technology, research, religious importance, mental factors, and economy.

Reasons Why People Travel

People travel for exercise, variety, getting outdoors, scenic beauty, sporting events, culture, and theater and spectacle.

Motives for Pleasure Travel

Motives for pleasure travel include religion, health, scenic beauty, sporting events, culture, and theater and spectacle.

Tourism Factors and Their Impacts

Tourism has both positive and negative economic impacts. Positive impacts include increased income and standard of living, improved local economy, increased employment opportunities, improved infrastructure and investment, increased tax revenues, improved public utilities and transport infrastructure, and increased opportunities for shopping. Negative impacts include increased prices of goods and services, increased cost of living, increased potential for imported labor, increased cost of additional infrastructure, increased road maintenance and transport systems, high risk of unemployment during off-peak seasons, and low wages.

Reasons for Traveling

People travel for exercise, variety, getting outdoors, scenic beauty, sporting events, culture, and theater and spectacle.

Traveling for Pleasure

Traveling is a great way to reduce stress and break away from the monotony of everyday life. It is recommended to take a holiday to a place you have never been before at least once a year to get away from your regular routine.

Motives for Pleasure Travel

People travel for pleasure with their family, friends, acquaintances, etc. There could be different motives for pleasure travel:

  • Self-actualization: Traveling gives you time to pursue your inner talent, creativity and fulfillment.
  • Self-esteem: Traveling helps you build respect towards others in society. People who travel a lot are looked up to.
  • Belonging or love: People travel with their friends, family or spouse to spend quality time with them.
  • Safety and security: People want to feel safe when they travel and have their basic needs taken care of like food, water, shelter, and warmth.
  • Freedom from fear: People want to be free from fear when they travel to any particular destination.

Overall, pleasure travel is a great way to explore new places, pursue your passions, and spend quality time with loved ones. Don’t forget to take a break and travel to a place you’ve never been before!